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Top Photography Mistakes You Didn't Know You Were Making
Have you ever taken (what you think is) the perfect photo, only to find that your finger is obscuring the lens? How about snapping away before realising you’ve left the lens cap on?
All photographers – amateur and professional – make mistakes, but if you learn from these errors, you’ll soon be taking better photos. We’ve put together a list of the most common photography crimes that you may not realise you’re guilty of committing.
Blaming Your Equipment
Problem: Thinking that a new or swankier camera will instantly help you take phenomenal photographs.
Solution: The camera doesn’t take photos, you do, so familiarise yourself with your equipment and play with different settings. As you grow in confidence, you’ll become a more proficient photographer.
Forgetting to Reset Settings
Problem: Ruining that once-in-a-lifetime shot because your settings are wrong.
Solution: It’s important to experiment with your camera, but get into the habit of turning your settings back to your most-used one, after you’ve finished taking photos.
Problem: You look at your photo and you can’t figure out why you took it.
Solution: The subject needs to stand out, otherwise your photos are in danger of being bland and confusing. (Your viewer will wonder what they’re supposed to be looking at.) Retake the picture and make sure the subject is the focus of your image.
Problem: What you’re photographing is too small – or faraway – and it’s swallowed up by its environment.
Solution: Walk closer or get a bigger lens. Unless the surrounding area adds to the composition of the image, get rid of this space by filling the frame with the subject.
Problem: Placing your subject dead-centre, or cutting off hands and feet.
Solution: Don’t create boring photos, keep your point of interest just off centre by sticking to the Rule of Thirds. Divide your screen into three horizontal and vertical sections, and place your subjects where the lines intersect. You can also change your perspective by shooting from the hip or from the ground.
Problem: Your background is too busy and it competes with your subject.
Solution: Take in the entire scene before you press the shutter release, and make sure the objects around your subject don’t overwhelm it, whether in colour or size. Stick to the less is more philosophy.
Problem: Skew skylines and horizons slap-bang in the middle of your photo.
Solution: Use the grid setting to ensure your skyline is straight, and avoid making it the centre of your photo, rather have it a third from the top or bottom of the image, to make it more appealing.
Problem: Your photos come out unfocused.
Solution: This happens when you shake, your subject shifts or there isn’t enough light, so your camera can’t focus sharply. Use a tripod for stability, wait for your subject to stop moving or shoot using the action mode. You can also try using a flash or choose a higher ISO setting for a faster shutter speed.
Problem: Squinting subjects, light hitting the wrong place and people in shadow.
Solution: Photography is about catching the perfect lighting moment, and it usually takes careful planning. The most flattering light is early morning and late afternoon, and overcast days provide ideal soft, even light.
Problem: Your photos are too dark because insufficient light is reaching your camera.
Solution: For indoor photos don’t use a flash, rather open curtains and widows, switch on a lamp, and move your subject towards the light source. Try shooting in night mode, or manually adjust your shutter speed to allow in more light.
Problem: Your photos are bright, washed out and lack detail, as there’s too much light hitting your camera.
Solution: For outdoor photos avoid direct sunlight, and take photos in the shade. You can also try underexposing images and standing further away, if you’re using a flash.
Problem: The light from the flash reflects off your subject’s retinas, particularly if they have light-coloured eyes.
Solution: Turn off your flash if possible, make the room brighter, or ask your subject to face the camera but not to look straight at the lens. You can also easily correct this problem with image editing software.
Problem: Using your zoom – instead of your feet – to get closer to your subject. When you zoom in, you bring the subject and the background closer, which can distort the image, and you’re more likely to see the effects of your unsteady hand, unless you use a tripod.
Solution: A good quality telephoto zoom lens is essential when you’re unable to get near your subject (Who wants to aggravate a territorial 7m long saltwater crocodile?), but often taking a few paces towards your target, can make the world of difference to your photo. It also tends to give you a different, more interesting perspective.
Working Too Fast
Problem: Your photo is ruined because there’s strand of hair across your subject’s face, or a telephone pole that looks like it’s growing out of the top of their head.
Solution: Take your time before you click the shutter release and look at your entire composition. If you see a problem fix it there, rather than waiting for post-processing.
Problem: JPEG is the default setting for most digital cameras, but this compresses your information and affects the quality of your photo.
Solution: Get extra memory cards so that you have the space to shoot RAW files. By using the highest resolution possible, you preserve your data and you’ll be able to print your photos in large sizes.
Problem: Relying too much on programs – like Photoshop – to correct images, and making too many changes so your photos look unnatural.
Solution: Aim to get it right when you take the photo, otherwise you become complacent, believing that you can “fix” the picture later. Take a few test photos first, to check that you get the basics spot-on. Most photographers will tweak their photos slightly during post-processing, but avoid the urge to enhance too much or else they becomes over-contrasted, over-saturated and overdone.
Not Backing Up
Problem: You don’t digitally store your photos.
Solution: Technology is not infallible, so safeguard your precious honeymoon photos by storing them in two different formats, whether DVD, CD, external hard drive or an online backup service.
The joy of digital cameras is that they allow you to (quite literally!) take a thousand experimental photos, without the huge cost of developing your films. Trial and error is fundamental to your growth as a photographer, and if you stick to it, you’ll soon be taking photos that are worthy of a framed place on your wall.